It represents the different approaches parents use to raise their children. This paper looks into various kinds of parenting styles followed by families.
Parenting styles An Air Force sergeant meets his son for the first time Social classwealthculture and income have a very strong impact on what methods of child rearing parents use. However, parenting is always evolving; as times, cultural practices, social norms, and traditions change  In psychology, the parental investment theory suggests that basic differences between males and females in parental investment have great adaptive significance and lead to gender differences in mating propensities and preferences.
Working-class children often grow up at a disadvantage with the schooling, communities, and level of parental attention available compared to middle-class or upper-class[ citation needed ]. Also, lower working-class families do not get the kind of networking that the middle and upper classes do through helpful family members, friends, and community individuals or groups as well as various professionals or experts.
Parenting styles A parenting style is indicative of the overall emotional climate in the home. On the one hand, these four styles involve combinations of acceptance and responsiveness, and on the other hand, involve demand and control.
In particular, authoritative parenting is positively related to mental health and satisfaction with life, and authoritarian parenting is negatively related to these variables.
Authoritative parents rely on positive reinforcement and infrequent use of punishment. Parents are more aware of a child's feelings and capabilities and support the development of a child's autonomy within reasonable limits.
There is a give-and-take atmosphere involved in parent-child communication and both control and support are balanced.
Research[ vague ] shows that this style is more beneficial than the too-hard authoritarian style or the too-soft permissive style. Authoritarian parenting styles Authoritarian parents are very rigid and strict. High demands are placed on the child, but there is little responsiveness to them.
Parents who practice authoritarian style parenting have a non-negotiable set of rules and expectations that are strictly enforced and require rigid obedience. When the rules are not followed, punishment is often used to promote future obedience. This type of parenting is seen more often in working-class families than in the middle class.
In Diana Baumrind found that children raised in an authoritarian-style home were less cheerful, more moody and more vulnerable to stress. In many cases these children also demonstrated passive hostility.
Permissive parenting Permissive, or indulgent, parenting is more popular in middle-class than in working-class families. In these settings, a child's freedom and autonomy are highly valued, and parents tend to rely mostly on reasoning and explanation.
Parents are undemanding, so there tends to be little if any punishment or explicit rules in this style of parenting. These parents say that their children are free from external constraints and tend to be highly responsive to whatever the child wants at the time.
Children of permissive parents are generally happy but sometimes show low levels of self-control and self-reliance because they lack structure at home.
Uninvolved parenting An uninvolved or neglectful parenting style is when parents are often emotionally or physically absent. They are not responsive to a child's needs and have little to no behavioral expectations.Parenting or child rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to lausannecongress2018.coming refers to the intricacies of raising a child and not exclusively to the biological relationship.
The most common caretaker in parenting is the biological parent(s) of the child in question, although others may be an. Recommended Prep: ACCT 20 or BCIS 85 and Reading Level IV; English Level III; Math Level III or MATH or concurrent enrollment Transfer Status: CSU/UC 68 hours Lecture.
This is the study of accounting as an information system, examining why it is important and how it is used by investors, creditors, and others to make decisions. The influence of authoritative parenting style on adolescents' academic achievement Kingsley Nyarko permissive parenting, parenting style, academic achievement INTRODUCTION One of the most robust approaches in the development of children’s social and academic achievement has been termed parenting style.
Since the influence . PERCEIVED PARENTING STYLES: ON CHILDREN’S ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND ACADEMIC MOTIVATION _____ A Research Proposal Presented To The Faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences. 🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes.
Heidi Grant Halvorson is a social psychologist, author, and popular speaker. She is the author of Succeed and Focus. E. Tory Higgins is the author of Beyond Pleasure and lausannecongress2018.com is Stanley Schachter Professor of Psychology at Columbia University and Professor of Management at the Columbia Business School.