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Truman sent it back for further review until he finally approved it in It described containment as "a policy of calculated and gradual coercion" and called for significant peacetime military spending, in which the U.
It was evident that the limits the Nsc-68 essay had previously set on defense spending were too low. This is significant because firstly, the Soviet Union is identified in the document as the antithesis of the United States, and secondly, the Soviet Union is committed to extending its sphere of influence.
A thorough knowledge of this document is required for understanding U. After reading this document, they rapidly recognized the need for militarization out of the interest of self-preservation. In other words, the aggressive nature of Soviet expansion required a strong response from the U.
This, of course, was phrased in a context of military exploits referring to the military victory in World War I and World War IIand therefore emphasized military expansion.
Also crucial in understanding this document is the language. Indeed, primary sources must be read carefully, in order to recognize themes or Nsc-68 essay. An example is the description of the international situation, as provoked by the Soviet Union, as endemic.
By using this language, it is clear that the authors wished to portray the Soviet Union as a sickness, and the U. This message was received loud and clear, and dominated many foreign policy decisions throughout the Cold War.
When the report was sent to top officials in the Truman administration for review before its official delivery to the President, many of them scoffed at its arguments. Willard Thorp questioned its contention that the "USSR is steadily reducing the discrepancy between its overall economic strength and that of the United States.
The actual gap is widening in our favor. Steel production in the US outpaced the Soviet Union by 2 million tons; stockpiling of goods and oil production both far exceeded Soviet amounts.
Kennan, although "father" of the containment policy, also disagreed with the document, particularly its call for massive rearmament FRUS,Vol. Trumaneven after the Soviets became a nuclear power, sought to curb military spending. In the ensuing two months, little progress was made on the report.
By June, Nitze had practically given up on it. But on 25 JuneNorth Korean forces crossed the 38th parallel north. As Acheson later remarked: It had to overcome isolationists, including Senator Robert A.
Taftwho wanted less world involvement, as well as intense anti-Communists such as James Burnham who proposed an alternative strategy of rollback that would eliminate Communism or perhaps launch a preemptive war. The State Department and the White House used the North Korean attack of June and the see-saw battles during the first few months of the Korean War to steer congressional and public opinion toward a course of rearmament between the two poles of preventive war and isolationism.
It was an important part of an overall shift in American foreign policy to a comprehensive containment strategy that was confirmed by successive administrations.
In scholar Paul Y. Conclusion[ edit ] This document is critical to understanding the Cold War with its effect on similar national security documents such as the National Security Strategy Marchbut also provides insight to current US foreign policy.
By signing the document, Truman provided a clearly defined and coherent US policy that did not really exist previously.BY ‘ANY MEASURES’ NECESSARY: NSC AND COLD WAR ROOTS OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY Gordon R. Mitchell and Robert P. Newman One prominent venue for public rollout of the Bush administration’s National Security Strategy of the United States of America (NSS ) was U.S.
Foreign Policy Agenda. . President Harry S. Truman receives National Security Council Paper Number 68 (NSC). The report was a group effort, created with input from the Defense Department, the State Department, the CIA.
Summary: NSC 68 was a Cold War policy paper that examines how to deter the USSR's world domination plans. Section I NSC 68 is a document, or policy paper, written in April of to analyze the courses of action available to the President of the United States in defense to the U.S.S.R.
during the. NSC What is NSC? Was it the driving policy behind all U.S. interventions from the Truman Era to the Reagan Era? If not, what other factors drove U.S.
interventions during the Cold War era? United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, better known as NSC 68, was a page top secret National Security Council (NSC) policy paper drafted by the Department of State and Department of Defense and presented to President Harry S.
Truman on 7 April Below is an essay on "The Long Telegram and Nsc- 68" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. The Long Telegram and NSC- 68 George Kennan’s long telegram was a response letter to the Soviet’s position/5(1).