He saw it as a product of what he called social alienation. In terms of capitalist societies he understood religion as a way to control labor by providing some kind of reward in the after life for living such an unbearable existence here on earth.
He is arguing that just as the upper classes would at the time he was writing smoke opium to escape from reality; the working classes would use religion to leave behind their woes. However, the distinction must be made in the sense that whilst those smoking poppies were perfectly aware of what they were doing, the proletariat were being manipulated, unbeknown to them, by the bourgeoise through the medium of religion.
Marx argues that religion performs the role of producing false consciousness in several ways. First, through the teaching of an afterlife in which eternal bliss will be realised, and any terrestrial troubles will evaporate.
Second, Marx points out that by religious teachings portraying poverty and suffering as virtuous; e. This, he argues, makes them far less likely to revolt against the bourgeoise in order to reverse the acute social inequality. Third, by positing an omnipotent and omnibenevolent God, religion further justifies the suffering of the working-class.
In other words, the belief that the universe is being governed by a being which is all powerful and perfectly good means that their strife would not be allowed to continue unless there was some higher good that would result from it; or, a belief that soon ivine intervention will occur, crushing social inequality, and liberating the workers1.
A final way in which Marx argues religion justifies inequalities to the working classes is by teaching that Earthly inequalities are the will of God. For Marx, religion distracts the proletariat from the true source of their oppression, Viz.
Here we can see the overt teaching that your position in society and financial situation are the will of God. This system is so revered within Hindu communities that has lead to massive social inequality, and in some cases the murder of those who dare to disobey it.
Arguably, the reason that the proletariat did not revolt against their conditions at this time was the influence of the Protestant church.
However, the argument is not without flaw. He pointed to the way early Christianity acted against Roman repression. Engels instead argues that Socialism and Christianity follow a similar system of values. They point out that the influence of the church in Britain has dropped significantly, with church attendance levels at an all time low.
This point, however, us up for debate with some media magnates, such as the charming Rupert Murdoch, having enormous personal influence over what people are subjected to. They also argue that now religion is a force for social change in the world, for example the Anglican Church often criticises the British government over social issues such as unemployment, homelessness, poverty, etc.
Thus, they conclude, whilst Marx may have been right in the 19th Century, now the church has escaped from the grip of big-business and is actively seeking to defend social equality. Instead, he claims that society consists of a constant struggle of ideas between different classes, with the proletariat constantly resisting the bourgeoise, with particular emphasis on the efforts made by youth culture.
He argues, amongst other things, that religion can, in fact, be a force promoting change and social equality within ideological battle. He feels that the capitalist class are successful when people either accept the current system is the norm, or even natural e.
This was a movement promoting social equality and wealth distribution in which the South American Catholic Church was heavily involved.
Whilst the relationship between Catholicism and Marxism is at best uncomfortable, many of the campaigns took on a distinctly Marxist flavour, with many fervent Marxists involved, much to the disapproval of the Vatican.
Recently, Marxists have suggested that the Bourgeoise do control the proletariat using ideological control, but religion is no longer involved in this process, with the mass media and education now being the tools of choice.Marx and Religion This Essay Marx and Religion and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on lausannecongress2018.com Autor: review • January 8, • Essay • Words (2 Pages) • Views.
- Karl Marx and His View on Religion Karl Marx, the founder and main advocator of his Marxist philosophy, wrote the Communist Manifesto in This document was the basis for all of his thoughts and ideas of the world at the time being.
Marx thought that by removing industrial capitalism we could eliminate any comforting illusions religion had provided to the proletariat. This to me seems unlikely since religion is . Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics.
As Marx put it “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of law and the criticism of theology into the criticism of politics”.
Karl Marx and His View on Religion Karl Marx, the founder and main advocator of his Marxist philosophy, wrote the Communist Manifesto in This document was the basis for all of his thoughts and ideas of the world at the time being.
Karl Marx wrote that religion is the opium of the people, but few understand what he really meant. Marx was criticizing society more than religion.
Religion as Opium of the People Karl Marx, Religion, and Economics. Share Flipboard Email Print Cultura Travel/Ingo Jezierski/The Image Bank/Getty Images Religion & Spirituality.