Sociocultural Factors Toys are the most frivolous things in the world and, in some ways, the most essential. No culture is entirely without toys; where mass-produced and mass-marketed toys are absent, children transform everyday objects into games, puzzles, and imagined friends and enemies.
Play is no exception. Problems Many studies on play are guided by a futuristic perspective, looking for correlates between play activities and developmental outcomes in near or remote future, and often missing the relevance of play during childhood. Research Context In this paper priority will be given to field studies in natural settings, with an ethnographic and observational approach.
Key Research Questions Identifying culture in play activities: Main factors affecting the frequency, duration and nature of play activities.
Environmental contexts and cultural conceptions and practices affecting the availability of time, space, materials and play partners. Recent Research Results Play has been observed in every society where children were studied.
It can be considered a universal trait of human psychology. However, like every human activity, it is affected by our cultural context. Different cultures value and react differently to play: In a South American Indian community, boys often play bow-and-arrows; boys and girls of varied ages dive and swim in the river and play chase around the village, with little or no adult supervision.
They use primarily natural objects in their pretend play i. Urban children in large towns play more often with manufactured toys, at home, at school or playgroups, playgrounds or parks, usually with some adult supervision, especially when they are younger; locomotor play and chase play tend to occur in protected spaces.
Preference for companions of the same gender appears to arise around age 3. Boys tend to occupy larger spaces, play in larger groups and farther away from home, and engage in activities that involve gross movements. Girls occupy internal or more restricted spaces, play in smaller groups, near their houses and with themes related to social and domestic activities.
Pretend play themes are more varied among girls than among boys, which may be due to lack of male models in some cultural contexts: These perceptions vary in different cultural contexts: The time allowed for play activities varies widely in different contexts.
In hunter-gatherer societies, children are in close contact with adults as they perform their daily chores. Young children are not allowed to play freely because parents are afraid of accidents or do not have time to take them to a playground.
Parents prefer to keep their children safely at home, for example, playing videogame or watching TV. When television is not available, children spend more time playingGender is socially constructed and a result of sociocultural influences throughout an individual's development (Schneider, Gruman & Coutts, ).
Gender identity can be affected by, and is different from one society to another depending on the way the members of society evaluate the role of females. Toys are cultural objects that express human beliefs, influences, technology—cultural values. As objects, toys provide us with material for understanding the development of the mind, of imagination, of ritual and innovation.
Offer articles of clothing, toys, and instruments from grandparents or other relatives that reflect your child's origin and culture. Coins and money from different countries. Talk to your child about where the currency comes from; read books about the people who live there.
Cultural influences on toys Step 2: Within your Learning Team, investigate popular toys on the market today. You can use the internet or visit a toy store to do this research. From educational toys to governmental guidelines and detailed nursery progress reports, there are lots of resources available to help parents .
Feb 16, · Gender differences in toy selection and preference and/or social encouragement of gender-specific toys Cultural influences on toys Create a brief (one paragraph) written summary of the main findings from these articles, as they relate to the bulleted topics and issues.