Within this time period, France underwent a drastic change as Enlightenment ideas swept through the nation, redefining the government and social life of the French with ideals such as liberty, equality, and fraternity. No other period of history would have such a large influence on France as the French Revolution. Although the monarchs of the time before the Revolution tried their best to restrict the growing influence of the Enlightenment, they were forced to cope with several factors that caused the Enlightenment ideas to spread even further: Many other factors played key roles, but the three mentioned are the most apparent and possibly had the largest impacts.
The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years and French society underwent an epic transformation as feudal, aristocratic, and religious privileges were destroyed under a sustained assault from liberal political groups and the masses on the streets.
Old ideas about hierarchy and tradition gave way to new Enlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienTABLE rights. Pre-Revolutionary France There are a number of factors that are generally understood as having led to the French Revolution. A grossly unfair tax system with clergy and nobility exempted from many taxes and the burden of taxes falling on the poor.
A farming crisis due to drought with the result that most people came desperate as bread shortages increased. Huge public anger at the extravagance and opulence of the King and his court.
In 1in the midst of the worsening crisis, Jacques Necked, the Financial Minister, called for the first meeting of the Estates-General since The Estates-General represented the three tiers in French society of the day; the nobility, the clergy and the common people of France. The structure of the Estates-General was weighted in favor of the nobility and the clergy as each Estate had one vote even though the third Estate represented the majority of French society.
Moreover the nobility and clergy almost always voted the same way. But the meeting of the Estates- General began the French Revolution. The beginning of the French Revolution. The meeting break down as the Third Estate is not prepared to sit back and accept the attempts of the nobility and clergy to strong arm them into passing laws that only favor the top F.
The Third Estate leaves the meeting and convenes a separate meeting. They invite the other two Estates to join them but do not wait for them to make their own decisions.
It is made clear that the National Assembly is an assembly of the People and not the Estates. The King does not approve of the meeting and has the hall Sale des? But the National Assembly eve to a nearby indoor tennis court and continue with their meeting. The King is forced to order the clergy and the nobility to join the National Assembly.
The National Assembly gains support, not just in Paris but from around France. This earned him the enmity of many members of the French court.
After Necked was fired the King completely reconstructed the finance ministry disregarding the demands of the National Assembly. The National Assembly met non-stop in Versailles and the streets of Paris were soon consumed with riots and chaos.
The various mobs and crowds of people managed to win over the French Guard. Although the prison only held seven prisoners, none of them political, the prison was a symbol of oppression to Parisian. La Fayette, am aristocrat, who had just returned from serving in the American Revolution under George Washington joined the National Assembly and was given intro of the French Guard and tried to maintain peace in Paris.
Some began plotting civil war within the kingdom and agitating for a European coalition against France. By late July, insurrection and the spirit of popular sovereignty had spread throughout France. Building Constitutional Power Once the appearance of calm was established and National Assembly, now called the National Constitutional Assembly, was in control of the main areas of Paris it turned its attention to building a constitutional power.
All religious orders are dissolved. Monks and nuns are encouraged to return to private life and 10 percent eventually marry. The National Constituent Assembly suppresses the 60 districts of Paris to replace them with 48 sections Factions within the National assembly Shortly after the general acceptance of the National Assembly splits amongst the different factions began to solidify.
They opposed revolution The Royalist democrats: Their leader was Jacques-Pierre Bristol. They called for radical change of the French society. They made up the swing vote.
Like many radical upheavals, the French Revolution resulted in some successes as well as many failures. Even the outcomes that were viewed as positive, however, came at a very high price. Different groups of Frenchmen had varying ideas of what the Revolution should accomplish. Essays causes of the french revolution Essay english versus french canadian culture French revolution papers. Liberty, philosopher, author biography plan 2: free press and revolutions of upheavals, essays, fraternity: exploring the plan 2: a pdf document. The French revolution of caused a lot of unease around Europe. Many governments and monarchs feared that the action of the French revolutionaries would inspire the poor and middle classes in other countries to push for reform.
The elected body that governed Paris. Committee of Public Safety:History Essay. George Taylor has argued that the revolution happened simply by chance and that there were no long-term causes that made it inevitable. To what extent do you agree? The French Revolution beginning in redesigned the country's political landscape and uprooted century old institutions.
The American Revolution of soon followed, and finally, France started their own Revolution; the French Revolution of Of course, there are many political, economic, and social causes leading to this sudden political advancement in France. French revolution. French Revolution. French Revolution, one of the major revolutions in.
European history. The revolution marks a turning point in.
Frence history and in world history in general. Forms of. government, morals, ideologies, and social development were. greatly affected by it in all Europe and even in U.S. Free coursework on The Main Cause Of The French Revolution from lausannecongress2018.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing.
the french revolution distribution of wealth, the incredible hardship that the populations of the Third Estate were subject to, and, finally, the Enlightenment principles finally reaching the thinkers of the day.
The French Revolution beginning in redesigned the country’s political landscape and uprooted century old institutions. The movement was a result of a combination of various factors and played a critical role in shaping and showing modern nations the power inherent in the will of people.