Messenger The execution, by hanging, of Yakub Memon for his part in the Mumbai bombings invites us to revisit the vexed issue of capital punishment. Few topics incite such moral passion and controversy. While many European countries urge an ethic of rehabilitation in their criminal justice systems, many jurisdictions in the United States stand firmly in favour of capital punishment for serious crimes.
Capital Punishment and American Culture, — John Cyril Barton Open Access Edition Available at Project MUSE Drawing from legal and extralegal discourse but focusing on imaginative literature, Literary Executions examines representations of, responses to, and arguments for and against the death penalty in the United States over the long nineteenth century.
John Cyril Barton creates a generative dialogue between artistic relics and legal history. He looks to novels, short stories, poems, and creative nonfiction as well as legislative reports, trial transcripts, legal documents, newspaper and journal articles, treatises, and popular books like The Record of Crimes, A Defence of Capital Punishment, and The Gallows, the Prison, and the Poor Houseall of which were part of the debate over the death penalty.
Barton also gives close attention to a host of then-popular-but-now-forgotten writers—particularly John Neal, Slidell MacKenzie, William Gilmore Simms, Sylvester Judd, and George Lippard—whose work helped shape or was shaped by the influential anti-gallows movement.
Analyzing the tension between sovereignty and social responsibility in a democratic republic, Barton argues that the high stakes of capital punishment dramatize the confrontation between the citizen-subject and sovereign authority in its starkest terms.
In bringing together the social and the aesthetic, Barton shows how legal forms informed literary forms and traces the emergence of the modern State in terms of the administration of lawful death.
By engaging the politics and poetics of capital punishment, Literary Executions contends that the movement to abolish the death penalty in the United States should be seen as an important part of the context that brought about the flowering of the American Renaissance during the antebellum period and that influenced literature later in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Shrewdly analyzing the formal qualities by which different authors execute competing representations of capital crimes in literature, Barton helps explain why a country once at the forefront of this abolition campaign continues to evoke the death sentence.
Barton clearly illuminates the evolution of arguments for and against the death penalty over the course of the nineteenth century including the rupture in these arguments caused by the Civil War and its widely approved military executionsand he makes a strong case for the influence of imaginative literature on the popular and legal debates about the death penalty.
John Barton's astute 'cross-examinations' of legal and literary texts illuminate the literary and cultural aspects of the capital punishment debate and show how this debate in turn helped to shape notions of citizenship and state power.
Cooper, Child, Hawthorne, Whitman, and Melville as well as many other less well known authors appear in a surprising new light in Literary Executions. Barton's study of the death penalty in American literature is rich and wide-ranging Because of its very carefully contextualized analysis of a range of authors and their approaches to the death penalty, and because the death penalty is so crucial in political and literary history for all the reasons Barton mentions, his book provides a necessary chapter in the historical analysis of nineteenth century American literature.
Any scholars interested in death penalty debates—and perhaps everyone should be—will find their own understanding and research enhanced by the breadth of this book and its attention to nuances among political positions.
Through innovative cross-examinations and nuanced close readings, Barton lays the groundwork for a further and much needed analysis of the real influence wielded by literature in the debate around the abolition of lawful death.Capital Punishment Controversy, The William O.
Hochkammer Follow this and additional works at:lausannecongress2018.com debate in the United States for over years. During this period, if a life sentence is substituted for the death pen-alty, a man who has committed a crime for which. · CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN TEXAS AND CALIFORNIA: A COMPARISON J.
Keith Price, Ph.D.
Gary R. Byrd, Ph.D.
the long history of capital punishment in the United States (traced back to ) as they examined a multitude of issues surrounding Another national study was performed on former death-sentence capital offenders by Marquart and Sorenson lausannecongress2018.com lausannecongress2018.com In the United States and other parts of the world, there are supporters and critics of death penalty.
In the U.S. it is legal in 31 states and 19 states have chosen to abolish it, lausannecongress2018.com for capital punishment rests on its presumed value as a general deterrent: we need the death penalty to encourage potential murderers to avoid engaging in criminal lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com - The Controversy Surrounding the Use of the Death Penalty In , the death penalty was reinstated in the United States.
Since then, the execution of criminals has been reactivated in state after state, using methods such as electrocution, lethal injection, and firing squads. The average murder rate per , people in among death penalty states was , the average murder rate among non- death penalty states was only (Capital Punishment) There are four major issues in the capital punishment debate, the first being lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com